Psychoanalysis is a therapeutic approach, that because of the protective and private setting established by the analyst, allows for a deep exploration of the personality traits of the patient who comes for treatment. It is ambitious in its aims. Analyst and patient meet four or fives times per week at agreed-upon times and days. Occasionally analysis may be conducted three times per week. It requires a very specific technique for which the analyst must receive an equally specific training and preparation. It has shown itself to be a very effective instrument for alleviating human suffering and going to the causes of that suffering. Psychoanalysis is not, nevertheless, the treatment of choice for all who request it.